Biomechanics is the application of mechanical engineering principles to biological systems. Medical dictionaries define biomechanics as the science concerned with the actions of forces, internal and external, on the living body.
Specifically, biomechanics can be used to determine the forces and motions associated with various events and determine the mechanism of injuries, and aid in reconstructing accidents.
“Biomechanics apply the principles in mechanics to the facts of a specific accident and provide information about the forces generated in the accident, explain how the body moves in response to those forces and thus determine what type of injuries would result from the forces generated.” Smelser v. Norfolk Southern Railway Company (6th Cir. 1997).
Are the claimed injuries consistent with the subject incident?
In matters involving personal injury allegations, it is important to understand if the subject event is related to the specific injuries. A biomechanical analysis can determine the forces and motions acting on an individual during a specific event, and compare them with known injury tolerances and mechanisms.
Is the alleged scenario consistent with the documented injuries?
In cases involving conflicting testimony and limited physical evidence, injuries can be used to reconstruct the accident. Detailed review of the medical records and available imaging studies provide valuable insight that can assist in determining what actually happened at the time of the subject incident.
Armstrong’s consultants have extensive experience performing these analyses and conveying the results in simple and compelling terms.